Review on Vocabulary Teaching Strategies: Study Case: Effect of Learners’ Lexical Recall

  • M Bambang Purwanto Politeknik Darussalam
  • Despita Despita STIA Satya Negara
Keywords: Effectiveness, Vocabulary, Learning Stategies


This study's goal was to contrast the results of of various vocabulary teaching methods, such as using context, dictionary definitions, and synonyms to teach vocabulary, on both transient and persistent vocabulary memory. Three groups of 90 intermediate EFL students were chosen at random and divided into: context, definition, and synonyms (thirty learners in each group). They received instruction in 30 vocabulary words over the course of two sessions. Two post-tests were administered, the first four weeks after the lesson and the second eight weeks later, to gauge student retention of vocabulary words. One-way ANOVA was used to evaluate the results. When compared to the other two approaches, the context method outperformed them in both postponed tests, according to the data. The study's conclusions have pedagogical ramifications for EFL instructors, students, syllabus designers, content creators, and language test creators. The study's findings also offer useful details on the best method for teaching vocabulary that results in longer-lasting retention of L2 terms.


Agustinasari, E., Simanjuntak, T., & Purwanto, M. B. (2022). A Review on Error Analysis Stages in Teaching English Structure. Pioneer: Journal of Language and Literature, 14(1), 253–268.
Asyiah, D. N. (2017). the Vocabulary Teaching and Vocabulary Learning: Perception, Strategies, and Influences on Students’ Vocabulary Mastery. Jurnal Bahasa Lingua Scientia, 9(2), 293–318.
Bamford, J., & Day, R. R. (1998). Teaching reading. Annual Review of Applied Linguistics, 18, 124–141.
Elmahdi, O. E. H., & Hezam, A. M. M. (2020). Challenges for Methods of Teaching English Vocabulary to Non-native Students. Advances in Social Sciences Research Journal, 7(5), 556–575.
Jaikrishnan, S., & Ismail, H. H. (2021). A Review on Vocabulary Learning Strategies Used in Learning English as A Second Language. International Journal of Academic Research in Business and Social Sciences, 11(9).
Leba, S. M. R., Butarbutar, R., & Werang, B. R. (2021). Exploring the english learning strategies of an indigenous papuan student of Indonesia. Qualitative Report, 26(9), 2745–2768.
Lee, J., & Heinz, M. (2016). English Language Learning Strategies Reported By Advanced Language Learners. Journal of International Education Research (JIER), 12(2), 67–76.
Macaro, E., Curle, S., Pun, J., An, J., & Dearden, J. (2018). A systematic review of English medium instruction in higher education. Language Teaching, 51(1), 36–76.
McCarten, J. (2007). Teaching vocabulary. Lessons from the Corpus. Lessons from the Classroom.
Melvina, M., Lengkanawati, N. S., & Wirza, Y. (2020). EFL Learners’ Language Learning Strategies: Field Specialization and Gender. International Journal of Education, 13(2), 63–69.
Mukoroli, J. (2011). Effective vocabulary teaching strategies for the English for academic purposes ESL classroom.
Nam, J. (2010). Linking Research and Practice: Effective Strategies for Teaching Vocabulary in the ESL Classroom. TESL Canada Journal, 28(1), 127.
Nattinger, J. (2018). Some current trends in vocabulary teaching. Vocabulary and Language Teaching, 1(1), 62–82.
Nur, A. H., & Ahmad, D. (2017). Improving Students’ Reading Skill Through Interactive Approach At the First Grade of Sman 1 Mare, Bone. ETERNAL (English, Teaching, Learning and Research Journal), 3(1), 44–56.
Pan, Q., & Xu, R. (2011). Vocabulary Teaching in English Language Teaching. Theory & Practice in Language Studies, 1(11).
Pawlak, M., & Oxford, R. L. (2018). Conclusion: The future of research into language learning strategies. Studies in Second Language Learning and Teaching, 8(2 Special Issue), 525–535.
Purwanto, M Bambang. (2020). Teaching Prefixes As Part Of Teaching Vocabulary By Using Flip-A-Chip To The Eleventh Grade Students Of Senior High School Aisyiyah 1 Of Palembang. Esteem Journal of English Education Study Programme, 3(1), 34–41.
Purwanto, Muhammad Bambang, & Hidayad, F. (2022). English Learning Strategies for Vocabulary Mastery. English Education: Journal of English Teaching and Research, 7(2), 178–189.
Schmitt, N. (2007). Current perspectives on vocabulary teaching and learning. International Handbook of English Language Teaching, 827–841.
Shabir, M. (2017). Student-Teachers’ Beliefs on the Use of L1 in EFL Classroom: A Global Perspective. English Language Teaching, 10(4), 45.
Yusri, Mantasiah R, & Jufri. (2018). the Use of Two Stay Two Stray Model in English Teaching To Increase Student’S Learning Outcome. Journal of Advanced English Studies, 1(1), 39–43.
Zhang, H., Li, J., Jiao, L., Ma, W., & Guan, C. (2016). The Adjustment and Effects of Vocabulary Teaching Strategies in Flipped Classroom. Creative Education, 07(14), 1966–1973.