Kritik terhadap Pemikiran Kontroversial Bercorak Panteistik di Tengah Umat Islam dalam Karya Syaikh Abdus Shamad Al-Palimbani Abad ke-18

  • Arafah Pramasto Pendamping Sosial Kota Palembang dan penulis Kesejarahan
Keywords: Pantheism, Sufism, Sheikh Abdus Shamad AlPalimbani

Abstract

Sufism is a philosophy that emerged among Muslims in 9th. Century A.D. It emphasises on the concept of bathiniya (esoteric) in the practicing of Islam. Among several figures propagating Sufism, two of them were Al-Hallaj in Middle East and Sheikh Siti Jenar in Indonesian Archipelago. Both were accused of spreading ideas of Panhteism (i.e. belief in Allah and his creations as one entity), which consequently resulted in Sufism being considered ‘Heresy’ and a ‘Stray idea’ by the orthodox Muslims. Sheikh Abdus Shamad Al-Palimbani, a Sufi Ulema born in Palembang (1737 AD) wrote critiques for Sufism in his three writings. The first book called Kitab Hidayatus Shalikin in which he said that Allah is different with his creation. The second book, Kitab Tuhfah Ar-Raghibin’ in which he rejected the concept of ‘Hulul’ (i.e. the belief that Allah is in creation), and lastly the Kitab Siyarus Salikin that explored human’s awarness of their ‘lust’ which he believed is a gateway to understand the distinction between Allah’s divine reality and human existence.

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Published
2020-01-31
How to Cite
Pramasto, A. (2020). Kritik terhadap Pemikiran Kontroversial Bercorak Panteistik di Tengah Umat Islam dalam Karya Syaikh Abdus Shamad Al-Palimbani Abad ke-18. SINDANG: Jurnal Pendidikan Sejarah Dan Kajian Sejarah, 2(1), 8-18. https://doi.org/https://doi.org/10.31540/sindang.v2i1.823